Explore the Different Types of Artichokes You Can Grow!

Do you enjoy the nutty and buttery flavor of artichokes? If so, then you’ll be thrilled to discover the various types of artichokes you can grow! Artichoke varieties are categorized into two groups – Globe and Elongated. Both have similar growing requirements and offer an identical flavor and texture. The globe variety is often used for stuffing, while the elongated variety is commonly served as a side dish. Let’s take a closer look at the different types of artichokes that fall under these two categories!

Globe Artichokes

Globe artichokes are the familiar ones we see at stores all year round. They are considered the true artichokes and are available throughout the year. When buying them, look for tightly packed chokes with green and purple leaves.

1. Baby Anzio Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Baby Anzio artichoke is the smallest variety, measuring just 2 inches in diameter. It is harvested early, resulting in a tasty artichoke with a sweet and nutty, caramel-like flavor. This variety is commonly served grilled or roasted with garlic, butter, or olive oil.

2. Big Heart Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Big Heart artichoke grows without thorns and produces 3-5 and a half inches wide, dense buds. It has a large, fleshy base and weighs around a pound. This variety pairs well with Parmesan Soup.

3. Castel Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Castel artichoke is a light green, round-shaped variety loaded with vitamin B, potassium, calcium, and antioxidants. It can be steamed or boiled and served with a dip. Additionally, it is known to help relieve low blood pressure and digestive ailments.

4. Chianti Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Chianti artichoke produces 4-5 inches wide green artichokes with maroon dashes on their leaves. This Italian variety is related to the Romanesco artichoke and tastes best when stuffed with dried tomatoes and cheese!

5. Fiesole Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Fiesole artichoke features a tulip-shaped flower with deep violet-wine colored skin. It is the most delicious of all baby artichoke varieties, offering an intense nutty and fruity flavor with grassy undertones.

6. Green Globe Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Green Globe artichoke is the most common variety, characterized by wide, deep green buds with a light purple tinge. It is excellent for use in salads and pairs well with spicy and flavorful dishes.

7. Imperial Star Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Imperial Star artichoke is the most popular homegrown variety, producing 4-5 inches wide buds. It offers a flavor similar to the Green Globe variety, but with a slightly sweeter taste.

8. Jerusalem Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

Jerusalem artichokes have elongated tubers, measuring 3-4 inches in length, resembling ginger root. They are best enjoyed in soups and salads and can also be used as an alternative to potatoes.

9. Lyon Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Lyon artichoke boasts the largest heart in the artichoke family, growing up to 6 inches in diameter. It offers a nutty, slightly sweet, and buttery flavor, primarily used for stuffing. The leaves are also used in salads.

10. Sangria Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

Sangria artichokes form 3-4 inches wide buds with deep purple, meaty leaves. They have a nutty flavor and can be enjoyed steamed. Additionally, they are great additions to salads, pizzas, and pasta dishes.

11. Omaha Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

Omaha artichokes have a less bitter taste compared to other varieties. They are quite meaty and offer a buttery, nutty, and sweet flavor. Grill or stuff them and serve alongside spicy dishes for a delightful meal.

12. Carciofo Romanesco Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

This variety showcases deep purple leaves with a green tinge. Similar to most artichokes, it is thornless and tender, providing a nutty flavor and a large heart. Grilling this artichoke is the best way to enjoy its unique taste.

13. Tempo Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Tempo artichoke is a hybrid variety that produces 4-5 inches wide buds with a purple tinge on the bracts. It tastes best when roasted with garlic, lemon juice, and butter. You can also boil and sauté it to add to your favorite dishes.

Elongated Artichokes

Elongated artichokes are conical-shaped and larger in size. They offer similar nutritional values to globe artichokes.

14. Siena Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Siena artichoke matures later in the growing season. It produces oblong, wine-red tender hearts that are 4 inches wide. Cooking them with olive oil, garlic, pepper, and lemon juice brings out their fantastic flavor.

15. Violetta Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

The Violetta artichoke offers thick purple leaves and measures 5 inches in length and 3 inches in width. It has a nutty, buttery flavor and is commonly consumed in salads. For an extra burst of flavor, try grilling them with garlic herb butter and lemon.

These are just a few of the incredible types of artichokes you can grow in your garden. The possibilities are endless when it comes to incorporating them into your favorite recipes. So, why not try your hand at growing these delectable artichokes and enhance your culinary adventures? Happy gardening!