Rubber Plant Types: A Guide to Different Varieties

Rubber Plants Care guide

The Rubber Plant, scientifically known as Ficus elastica, is a stunning addition to any home with its enormous, glossy, dark-green leathery leaves. Not only is it visually appealing, but it is also an easy plant to care for, making it an excellent choice for both experienced and new plant parents. Let’s explore the different varieties of Rubber Plants and how to care for them.

The Versatile Rubber Plant

Rubber plants are known for their tolerance to various growing conditions and their ability to thrive in different environments. They can grow quite tall and live for decades, making them perfect as centerpieces or to adorn a wall, doorway, or fireplace.

This plant is also referred to as a rubber tree, rubber bush, or rubber fig due to the white “rubber” sap that oozes from its leaves and stems when cut. The sap has a milky and latex-like consistency, and it may irritate the skin, so it’s important to handle it with care.

Different Varieties of Rubber Plants

There is some confusion surrounding the naming of various Rubber Plant cultivars. However, regardless of the specific name, the care requirements remain the same for all of them. Here are some popular varieties:

Ficus elastica “Robusta”

Ficus elastica "Robusta"

This is the most commonly available variety today. It is hardier and more compact than the original type, with broader leaves that tolerate lower humidity.

Ficus elastica “Decora”

Ficus elastica “Decora”

Similar to the “Robusta,” this cultivar has wider and larger dark-green leaves. The center vein of the leaves is red underneath and slightly white on top, giving it a unique appeal.

Ficus elastica “Burgundy” or “Abidjan” or “Black Prince”

Ficus elastica “Burgundy” or “Abidjan” or “Black Prince”

The leaves of this variety appear purplish-black due to their dark color. The red midrib stands out, creating a striking contrast.

Ficus elastica “Doescheri”

Ficus elastica “Doescheri”

This Rubber Plant features narrower leaves with a dramatic variegated pattern. The leaves display shades of green, yellow, white, and grayish-green, with a pink midrib.

Ficus elastica “Sophia”

Ficus elastica “Sophia”

This cultivar has all-green leaves that are rounder and smaller compared to the classic “Robusta.” It creates a neat and compact appearance.

Ficus elastica “Ruby”

Ficus elastica “Ruby”

With its dark, wine-red leaves, the “Ruby” cultivar truly stands out, especially when exposed to full sunlight.

Ficus elastica “Tineke”

Ficus elastica “Tineke”

This newer cultivar showcases variegated green and white leaves with beautiful burgundy overtones, adding a touch of elegance to any space.

Caring for Your Rubber Plant

When it comes to caring for your Rubber Plant, here are some essential tips to keep in mind:

  • Light: Rubber plants prefer lots of indirect sunlight. While green cultivars can withstand some shade, the red and variegated varieties require abundant indirect light for their vibrant colors to appear. Place them near a south-facing window with sheer curtains for ideal light conditions.

  • Water: Only water your Rubber Plant when the top inch of soil is completely dry. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s crucial to let the soil dry out between waterings. In the winter, when the plant is resting, water it once a month to maintain soil moisture.

  • Fertilizer: During the spring and summer months, add a diluted balanced fertilizer to your Rubber Plant once a month. This helps promote the growth of its large, glorious leaves. However, refrain from adding fertilizer during the winter.

  • Temperature: The ideal temperature range for Rubber Plants is between 50°F and 85°F. They can tolerate a wide range, but temperatures above 85°F may stunt leaf growth. Avoid exposing them to temperatures below 39°F, as it may be detrimental to their survival.

  • Soil: Use a well-draining potting soil mix that is balanced. A combination of potting soil, peat, coarse sand, and pine bark works well for Rubber Plants.

  • Repotting: To allow your Rubber Plant to grow larger, repot it every 1-2 years. Increase the pot size gradually to help the roots adapt. Once it reaches the desired size, simply replace the soil every year to replenish nutrients.

  • Safety: Keep in mind that Rubber Plants are toxic to cats and dogs. The milky sap it emits can cause gastrointestinal issues, so it’s best to keep these plants away from pets.


Rubber Plants are versatile, attractive, and relatively easy to care for. With their distinct varieties and stunning foliage, they can add a touch of nature’s elegance to any indoor space. By following the provided care guidelines, you can ensure your Rubber Plant thrives and continues to be a beautiful addition to your home.

Disclaimer: The images used in this article are sourced from the original article.